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Workforce Organization

Reservists prepare to meet defined contingency requirements through augmentation and remain ready to mobilize in response to all threats and hazards. Reserve citizen-sailors stand alongside their active counterparts, placing service to others above self, to safeguard the Nation interests at home, at sea, and abroad.

Coast Guard reservists are a valuable, dedicated and indispensable part of the Coast Guard team whose diverse civilian experiences and talents strengthen the Coast Guard ability to respond to Maritime Homeland Security, Domestic and Expeditionary Support to National Defense, and Domestic Disasters, both natural and man-made and emerging threats.

The Coast Guard Reserve is embedded at all levels of the Coast Guard organization. Unit commanders and commanding officers hold ultimate responsibility and are directly accountable for their total force, which includes the readiness of assigned reservists. The Reserve Force Readiness System (RFRS) helps commands manage their reserve workforce. RFRS is a dedicated and specialized service-wide readiness infrastructure that matches resources with requirements, and attains and maintains readiness to facilitate rapid activation and deployment of the Coast Guard Reserve when surge operations require additional personnel for the active component. The primary function of RFRS is to facilitate and promote individual reservist mobilization readiness and administration preparation to execute assigned contingency roles through augmentation and training. RFRS staffs provide commanders, commanding officers and officers-in-charge resources and expertise to train and employ reservists operationally while maintaining readiness for surge and contingency operations within the normal confines of Inactive Duty Training (IDT) drills and Active Duty Training (ADT) each fiscal year.

To assist the unit commander or commanding officer in maximizing the Reserve force capability, Senior Reserve Officer (SRO) positions have been created at most major Coast Guard units. The SRO fills a substantial leadership role in supporting the unit commander goals and objectives in the training, readiness and overall administrative support of assigned reserve members. Units at the Sector level and below in addition to Coast Guard Bases have Senior Enlisted Reserve Advisor (SERA) billets. The SERAs assist respective commands in maximizing readiness of assigned reservists for mobilization. SERAs coordinate with their commands to address leadership, training, and administrative processes required to support mobilization requirements, and mentoring of assigned members.

The Reserve component supports the Coast Guard through three main elements: Headquarters, Mission Support, Operations